Russia: Market Research Information

Market Research in Russia

Russia is by far the largest country in the world in terms of area stretching from the borders of Europe in the West, to the Pacific where it is separated from the USA by a mere 80km.  Russia is a major exporter of natural commodities most notably oil and gas.


Capital: Moscow

Major cities/towns
Moscow: 11,514,330; Saint Petersburg 4,848,742; Novosibirsk 1,473,737; Yekaterinburg 1,350,136; Nizhny Novgorod 1,250,615; Samara 1,164,896.  Other cities with over 1m people include Omsk, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, and Rostov-on-Don.

Major Seaports
Kaliningrad, Kavkaz, Nakhodka, Novorossiysk, Primorsk, Saint Petersburg, Vostochnyy

Area: 17,075,400 sq. km


Ranges from flat steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast.

Demographic Profile

Population (2010 census): 141,945,966  April 2012 estimate 143,100,000
Density of Population: 8.3 persons (Per Square Kilometre)

Russia’s population is small relative to its size, and unevenly distributed, with the vast bulk in the European areas and the Ural regions. Russia faces one of the most challenging demographic declines in the world.  The UN estimates that the current population will fall from a peak of 148m in 1991 to 128 million by 2020.

Population growth rate: -0.47% (2011 est.)


Orthodox Christianity; Islam; Judaism; Buddhism.  There is also a strong atheistic tradition in Russia as a legacy of Communist rule.


81.5% Russians; 3.8% Tatars; 3% Ukrainians (more than 100 nationalities in all)


Russian, Tatar, other


Railways: 87,157 km
Roadways: 982,000 km
Number of Airports: 1,213 (2010)

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