Brazil is heavily urbanised, with 84% of its population living in cities. As of 2010 there were 15 cities with more than 1m inhabitants. As of 2010, the largest cities are São Paulo (11,244,369) Rio de Janeiro (6,323,037) Salvador (2,676,606) and Brasília (2,562,963).
Ilha Grande (Gebig), Paranagua, Rio Grande, Santos, Sao Sebastiao, Tubarao
DTSE/Gegua oil terminal, Guaiba Island terminal, Guamare oil terminal
Area: 8,547,403 Million sq. km
The equator runs just north of the Amazon while the Tropic of Capricorn passes slightly to the north of the city of São Paulo. This means that most of Brazil lies within the tropical zone. Only the southern region is in the temperate zone. The Amazon area is hot and humid with heavy rainfall.
Population: 194,946,000 2010; 203,429,773 (July 2011 est.)
Density of Population: 23.04 (Per Sq. km) according to World Bank report of 2010. Population is not evenly spread, most being concentrated in the coastal cities, the interior being only sparsely populated.
The most densely populated region is the South East which includes the cities of Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo with 42.58% of the population with only 11% of the land area.
Brazil’s population is relatively youthful the median being 29.3 years. Median male age is slightly lower than female at 28.5 years compared with 30.1 years (2011 est.)
Roman Catholic (73.6%), Pentecostal (15.4%), Other (11%)
Portuguese is the official and most widely spoken language. Brazilian Portuguese has differences to European Portuguese. Less common languages include Spanish (in border areas), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages.
Railways: 28,538 km
Roadways: 1,751,868 km
Number of Airports: 4,072 (2010). 726 have paved runways.